87 BC (statement with Gregorian date earlier than 1584) Rome. However, when Mark Antony took over, the people of Rome went against them. After the death of Caesar he joined the party of Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus (the more famous Cassius and … Gaius Cassius Longinus, (died 42 bc, near Philippi, Macedonia [now in Greece]), prime mover in the conspiracy to assassinate Julius Caesar in 44 bc. Gaius Cassius Longinus was an ally of the triumvir, Marcus Licinius Crassus. Gaius Cassius Longinus Gaius Cassius Longinus (3 October, c. 86 BC – 3 October 42 BC), often referred to as simply Cassius, was a Roman senator and general best known as a leading instigator of the plot to assassinate Julius Caesar on March 15, 44 BC. Plutarch described him as someone with “violent and uncontrolled passions” and believed Cassius was not liked by his subordinates, primarily because of his habit of instilling fear in them. Following this, he gathered what was left of the Roman army that had lost at Carrhae (present-day Harran, Turkey). He managed forces with Brutus during the Battle of Philippi, against the army led by Mark Antony and Octavian. Gaius Cassius Longinus (before 85 BC – October 42 BC) was a Roman Senator, a leader of the plot to kill Julius Caesar, and the brother in-law of Brutus. He is one of the figures who devised the plot for Caesar's death, and also acted as one of the assassins. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Junia is believed to have lived until 22 A.D. Junia was thus also a half-sister of Cassius’s associate Brutus. Cassius was made the “Tribune of the Plebs” in 49 B.C. Date of birth. 1. prime mover in the conspiracy against Julius Caesar (died in 42 BC) Familiarity information: GAIUS CASSIUS LONGINUS used as a noun is very rare. He was educated in Rhodes where he learned to speak Greek, a sign of a good education in Ancient Rome. e. 53-ban quaestor lett Marcus Licinius Crassus alatt Syria provinciában, és a carrhae-i vereség után megmentette a római sereg maradékait. This was shown as a punishment for murdering Julius Caesar. Some sources say that Cassius had wanted to kill Antony when they had killed Caesar, but Brutus had stopped him from doing so. Gaius Cassius Longinus rose to prominense by his reputation, justly deserved, as a very able military commander. Caesarin seuraaja Augustus sai kansan suosion kääntymään heitä vastaan ja Cassius teki itsemurhan In Dante's Inferno (Canto XXXIV), Cassius is one of three people deemed sinful enough to be chewed in one of the three mouths of Satan, in the very center of Hell, for all eternity, as a punishment for killing Julius Caesar. When in 43 the Caesarian leaders Mark Antony, Octavian (later the emperor Augustus), and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus formed the Second Triumvirate, Cassius and his fellow conspirator, Brutus, combined their armies, crossed the Hellespont, marched through Thrace, and encamped near Philippi in Macedonia. Caius Cassius Longinus (Kr. He features in the works of many literary geniuses, such as Shakespeare and Dante. 42. október eleje, Philippi) római republikánus politikus, hadvezér, a Julius Caesar elleni összeesküvés egyik főszervezője.. Élete. Updates? A grandnephew of Servius Sulpicius Rufus, he was also a descendant, great grandson or nephew, of G Crassus ignore… Forced by popular resentment to withdraw from Rome after the murder, he left Italy for Syria, where he raised a large army and defeated Publius Cornelius Dolabella, to whom the province had been assigned by the Senate. He was the brother-in-law of Brutus, another leader of the conspiracy. Little is known of his early life. However, Cassius was forgiven by Caesar for supporting the Pompeian side and was then appointed as a legate. They eventually settled near Philippi, Macedonia. American scholar Miriam Griffin stated that Cassius had probably converted in 48 B.C., after fighting on Pompey’s side at the Battle of Pharsalus. Cassius became tribune in 49, and the outbreak of the civil war between Caesar and the Optimates in that year saved him from being brought to trial for extortion in Syria. Cassius's first office was as quaestor under Marcus Licinius Crassus in 53 BC, and he proved a good military leader. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. His assumption was based on a letter written by Cicero to Cassius in January 45 B.C. Cassius left Italy shortly after Caesar crossed the Rubicon. Longinus was suffect consul of the second half of the year 30 as the colleague of Lucius Naevius Surdinus. Gaius Cassius Longinus was a long-time opponent of “despots”. He was driven out of Rome after Caesar’s murder and later committed suicide after losing to Mark Antony. After the assassination of Caesar in 44 bc he left for Sicily. Gaius Cassius Longinus (before 85 BC – April 20, 42 BC) was a Roman senator, a leading instigator of the plot to kill Julius Caesar, [1] and the brother in-law of Marcus Junius Brutus. Cicero, the famous orator who was one of Rome ’s principal elder statesmen, hoped to make use of him but underestimated his abilities. The other two are Brutus, his fellow conspirator, and Judas Iscariot, the Biblical betrayer of Jesus. Kr. Cassius was married to Junia Tertia (or Tertulla). The fact that his junior, Marcus Junius Brutus, was made the “praetor urbanus” angered him. Public anger forced them to leave Rome after the assassination, and they went to Syria. Longinus 18 (L. Cassius Longinus) - suffect consul, 11 A.D. FastCap_p86 Cassius L.f. . Their intention was to starve out the enemy, but they were forced into an engagement. The war initially saw him manage part of the fleet of Caesar’s rival, Pompey the Great (or Pompeius Magnus). Brutus and Cassius, the organizers of the conspiracy, expected all Romans to rejoice with them in the rebirth of “freedom.” But to the Roman people the freedom of the governing class had never meant very much; the armies (especially in the west) were attached to Caesar; and…, In 164–165 the Roman general Gaius Avidius Cassius captured the capital cities Ctesiphon and Seleucia, but an epidemic forced the Romans to retreat and peace was restored. Gaius Cassius Longinus. oli roomalainen senaattori, Caesarin murhan pääsuunnittelija ja yksi sen suorittajista. 190–195) as the leader of the conspiracy to assassinate Caesar. J.-C. et mort début octobre 42 av. He was Brutus’s brother-in-law and was married to his half-sister, Junia. Gaius Cassius Longinus (consul AD 30) - Gaius Cassius Longinus was an Ancient Roman jurist and politician from the first century AD. • GAIUS CASSIUS LONGINUS (noun) The noun GAIUS CASSIUS LONGINUS has 1 sense:. What are synonyms for Caius Cassius Longinus? Biography. Cassius also plays a major role in Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar(I. ii. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. It is believed, Cassius had then requested his soldiers to kill him. In that war he at first commanded part of the fleet of Caesar’s opponent, Pompey the Great. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Thus, he became rich fast. After Crassus was killed fighting the Parthians (53 BCE), Cassius regrouped the remnants of the defeated Roman army & for two years repelled Parthian attacks on Syria. Cassius, however, was defeated by Mark Antony. Instead, he showcased the image of Liberty, either bare headed or veiled, as part of his propaganda. (The Suffect Consul) birth: -3 other: Authored the compendium "Libri Juris Civilis" other: Exiled to Sardina due to his family connection to Caesar's assassin. Caesar distr… So we read: “A convert to Christianity, he came to be revered as a great hero and saint by the first Christian community in Jerusalem….it was said for a moment in time he had held the destiny of the whole of mankind in his hands.” 2 synonyms for Gaius Cassius Longinus: Cassius, Cassius Longinus. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The thieves on both sides of Jesus had their legs broken, but when the Roman soldiers reached Jesus, one of them, reportedly a centurion named Gaius Cassius Longinus (see note below), saw he was already dead and proved it to his fellows by using his spear to pierce the Christ's side. Blood and water poured out. It is believed that between 48 and 45 B.C., Cassius had converted to Epicureanism, the school of thought laid down by ancient Greek philosopher Epicurus. On March 15 (the Ides of March), 44 B.C., Cassius and his associates attacked Caesar and killed him. A grandnephew of Servius Sulpicius Rufus, he was also a descendant, great grandson or nephew, of Gaius Cassius Longinus, one of Caesar's assassins. He was also made the “praetor peregrines” of Rome in 44 B.C. Junia was also rumored to be the illegitimate daughter of Julius Caesar and Servilia. Brutus defeated Octavian. Nevertheless, he began conspiring against Caesar, eventually planning his murder. The terms of peace favoured the Romans, who secured control of…. Omissions? Cassius had an inclination toward philosophy and had converted to Epicureanism later in life. Believing he had lost the battle against Mark Antony and Octavian at Philippi, Cassius … Cassius and Junia had a son, who was born in around 60 B.C. siblings: Lucius Cassius Longinus, Quintus Cassius Longinus, See the events in life of Gaius Cassius Longinus in Chronological Order. Soon, Pompey lost to Caesar at Pharsalus, Thessaly (48 B.C.). He was lamented by Brutus as “the last of the Romans” and buried at Thasos. They wanted to wait till their opponents starved. Longinus, Dionysius Cassius; Cassius (Fully Caius Cassius Longinus), Cassius, Bartholomaeusa; The Nuttall Encyclopedia; Cassius, Caius; Cassius, Spurius; Dion Cassius (only first 3 shown) The Jewish Encyclopedia; Cassius Longinus; Dion Cassius; is the name of several men in early Christian records or legends': 1. In 53 B.C., Cassius served under Marcus Licinius Crassus of the “1st Triumvirate” as a “quaestor.” During the Battle of Carrhae, against the Parthians, he saw Crassus being defeated badly. Upload media. ♂ Gaius Cassius Longinus ? However, the war began soon after. Hidden Ones. Synonyms for Caius Cassius Longinus in Free Thesaurus. Since he was married to Junia Tertulla, Brutus’s half-sister, and was also an associate of Brutus when he supported Pompey, he could not go against him. There is a historical figure named Gaius Cassius Longinus who was a Roman quaestor in the time before Christ. After Caesar’s assassination, Cassius was in command of the fleet that engaged Gaius Cassius, one of the assassins of Julius Caesar. Date of death. Cassius also plays a major role in Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar(I. ii. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gaius_Cassius_Longinus_Cassius_(titel_op_object)_Liber_Chronicarum_(serietitel),_RP-P-2016-49-21-8.jpg, It is believed Cassius was born on October 3, before 85 B.C., in Rome, Italia, Roman Republic.