Thus, Wilhelm II was related to many dynasties throughout Europe. He had succeeded his grandfather Wilhelm I. Wilhelm had different ideas about how Germany was going to be governed in the New German Empire. In 1888, 29-year-old Wilhelm became the Kaiser of Germany following the death of his father, who had ruled for barely three months. He left political decisions to his advisors, particularly his chancellor, Otto von Bismarck. After King Frederick Wilhelm IV suffered a stroke and became mentally disabled, in 1857 Wilhelm I became the Royal Regent for his brother. The future king and emperor was born William Frederick Louis of Prussia (Wilhelm Friedrich Ludwig von Preußen) in the Kronprinzenpalais in Berlin on 22 March 1797. At the beginning of the war on the front the Kaiser was shown great respect by the soldiers fighting in World War I. “Shortly before the show, the following flash signal was circulated: ‘His Majesty the Kaiser and Hindenburg on the scene of the operations.’ In 1859, Prince Frederic William and Princess Victoria, who was a daughter of Queen Victoria of England, had got a boy called Willhelm. Kaiser Wilhelm 1 / Bronze 2 73LP / 58W 70L Win Ratio 45% / Xerath - 2W 4L Win Ratio 33%, Thresh - 2W 0L Win Ratio 100%, Amumu - 0W 1L Win Ratio 0%, Ziggs - 0W 1L Win Ratio 0%, Malphite - 0W 1L Win Ratio 0% [14], In 1872 he arbitrated a boundary dispute between the United Kingdom and the United States, deciding in favor of the U.S. and placing the San Juan Islands of Washington State within U.S. national territory, thus ending the 12-year bloodless Pig War. By proclaiming himself the German Emperor, King Wilhelm I transformed the former, loosely joined North German Confederation into the German Empire, which in fact was a unified Germany that soon established itself as a modern state. Wilhelm’s grandfather, Wilhelm I (1861-88) had been, for the most part, a symbolic monarch. He was careful not to abuses his powers as the Emperor, and supported his chancellor, Bismarck, in efforts to transform Germany into a modern state, and a hegemonic power in Europe. [7] In 1857 Frederick William IV suffered a stroke and became mentally disabled for the rest of his life. He personified the transition from the Kingdom of Prussia and the North German Confederation into the German Empire, and as such became an important symbol of modern German identity. B. Dettman and J. Stevens (2017), "Agnes the Secret Princess – An Australian Story". [3] Against his convictions but out of loyalty towards his brother, William signed the bill setting up a Prussian parliament (Vereinigter Landtag) in 1847 and took a seat in the upper chamber, the Herrenhaus. He could appoint the Chancellor of Germany, but the chancellor had to work with the parliament who controlled the money. He helped quenched several uprisings, and hence consolidated the power of his brother, King Frederick Wilhelm IV. This was decided on by the legislative organs, the Reichstag and Bundesrat, and William agreed to this on 18 December in the presence of a Reichstag delegation. In January 1858, William became Prince Regent for his brother, initially only temporarily but after October on a permanent basis. During a heated discussion, Bismarck threatened to resign if William continued to Vienna; Bismarck got his way. The cheapest way to get from 1 Kaiser Wilhelm-Promenade to Bad Hofgastein costs only $3, and the quickest way takes just 10 mins. After the latter was won by Prussia, William wanted to march on to Vienna and annex Austria, but was dissuaded from doing so by Bismarck and Crown Prince Frederick. [citation needed][19], In August 1878, Russian Tsar Alexander II, William's nephew, wrote a letter (known as Ohrfeigenbrief) to him complaining about the treatment Russian interests had received at the Congress of Berlin. Biografi. He was considered to be politically neutral as he intervened less in politics than his brother. Instead, according to Royal traditions, he was initially destined to become a military man. Agnes died in 1904. Januar 1861 bestieg Wilhelm den preußischen Thron. Despite the assassination attempts and William's unpopular role in the 1848 uprising, he and his wife were very popular, especially in their later years. [3][6] William died on 9 March 1888 in Berlin after a short illness. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, The 10 Biggest Shopping Malls In The World. While William survived this attack, the assassin died from his self-inflicted wound three months later. [5], In 1829, William married Princess Augusta, the daughter of Grand Duke Karl Friedrich of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Maria Pavlovna, the sister of Nicholas I. "William I and monarchical rule in Imperial Germany". Gardedivision and in 1825 was promoted to commanding general of the III. View contact details and 1 review for kaiser-wilhelm park at Kaiser-wilhelm Park, Essen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, or write a review. [3] According to the Prussian constitution, the Minister President was responsible solely to the king, not to the Landtag. Wilhelm was born on 27 January 1859 in Berlin, the eldest child of Crown Prince Frederick of Prussia and Victoria, daughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. [8] Then, on the advice of Roon, William appointed Otto von Bismarck to the office of Minister President in order to force through the proposals. Wilhelm I had been happy for the German Chancellor to take on the responsibility for governing Germany, whilst he played the role of … He was appointed an officer in the Prussian Army when he was only 12, and later on in his adolescence was commissioned as a Captain, and joined the Allied monarchs' fight against France when he was 16. The laws were extended every 2–3 years. [6] William chose the anniversary of the Battle of Leipzig, 18 October, for this event, which was the first Prussian crowning ceremony since 1701 and the only crowning of a German king in the 19th century. Since he had no children, William was first in line to succeed him to the throne and thus was given the title Prinz von Preußen. Wilhelm centralized power, built a strong military, and improved Germany's international status. Bismarck intentionally avoided a title such as Präsident as it sounded too republican. Wilhelm II. In 1871, during the Franco-Prussian War, Wilhelm was proclaimed Emperor (Kaiser) of a now united German state. [11], William, however, hesitated to accept the constitutional title, as he feared that it would overshadow his own title as King of Prussia. Hödel used a revolver to shoot at the then 81-year-old Emperor, while he and his daughter, Princess Louise, paraded in their carriage on Unter den Linden. To do this, Bismarck partnered with Ludwig Bamberger, a Liberal, who had written on the subject of Socialism, "If I don't want any chickens, then I must smash the eggs." Claiming much of the left-over territories in Africa and Oceania that were yet unclaimed, Germany managed to build the large German colonial empire.[20]. , Deutscher Kaiser 1888-1918, König von Preussen, mit seiner Gattin Auguste Viktoria im, 1. A group of anarchists had prepared an attack using dynamite which failed due to the wet weather. [12][13] William eventually—though grudgingly—relented and on 18 January, in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles, he was proclaimed Kaiser Wilhelm. At age twelve, his father appointed him an officer in the Prussian army. Oracle; Kaiser Wilhelm page at the Bullpen Wiki; Minor Lg Stats; Major League Player Stats; More. He was careful not to abuses his powers as the Emperor, and supported his chancellor, Bisma… Like his father he fought against Napoleon I of France during the part of the Napoleonic Wars known in Germany as the Befreiungskriege ("Wars of Liberation", otherwise known as the War of the Sixth Coalition), and was reportedly a very brave soldier. Raised in Prussia's militarized society, Wilhelm was called William by his mother, who insisted on talking to her children in her birth language. His grandfather died the year he was born, at age 53, in 1797, and his father Frederick William III became king. William I was thus portrayed as a second coming of Barbarossa. Get the most popular abbreviation for Kaiser-Wilhelm Institut Für Physik updated in 2020 Meaning of kaiser wilhelm. [3] The year 1806 saw the defeat of Prussia by France and the end of the Holy Roman Empire. They had a family of three sons and two daughters. Despite the reprisals the Social Democratic Party increased its influence among the masses. Bismarck, a conservative Prussian Junker and loyal friend of the king, liked to see his working relationship with William as that of a vassal to his feudal superior. It also forced Saxe-Lauenburg into a personal union with Prussia (which became a full union in 1878). In the following years, he waged campaigns against Denmark, Austria, and, ultimately, France. Then, after King Frederick Wilhelm IV died childless, Wilhelm I became the King of Prussia in 1861. The new constitution and the title of Emperor came into effect on 1 January 1871. [3][6], During their time at Koblenz, William and his wife entertained liberal scholars such as the historian Maximilian Wolfgang Duncker, August von Bethmann-Hollweg and Clemens Theodor Perthes [de]. Wilhelm I (1797-1888) was the seventh King of Prussia and the first German Emperor or Kaiser. She was also at times very outspoken in her opposition to official policies as she was a liberal. Wilhelm's upbringing was strict and authoritarian. With the help of Bismarck, King Wilhelm rapidly modernized Germany, making it into one of the most dominant military and economic powers in Europe. He also wanted it to be Kaiser von Deutschland ("Emperor of Germany"), but Bismarck warned him that the South German princes and the Emperor of Austria might protest. [3], In 1815, William was promoted to major and commanded a battalion of the 1. However, by once again threatening to resign, Bismarck overcame the opposition of William to a closer alliance with Austria. According to the King asleep in mountain legend, Barbarossa slept under the Kyffhäuser mountain until Germany had need of him. During his reign, William was the commander-in-chief of the Prussian forces in the Second Schleswig War against Denmark in 1864 and the Austro-Prussian War in 1866. Not expressis verbis, but in function he was the head of state. Kaiser Wilhelm II (1859-1941) war der letzte Deutsche Kaiser und König von Preußen. Han var anden søn af Frederik Wilhelm 3. af Preussen og forventede ikke at komme på tronen. This was a reference to William's wife, who had been educated by, among others Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and was intellectually superior to her husband. As the second son of Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Prince Frederick William, himself son of King Frederick William II, William was not expected to ascend to the throne. More Kaiser Wilhelm Pages at Baseball Reference. 1 ways to abbreviate Kaiser-Wilhelm Institut Für Physik. In October, William agreed to the Dual Alliance (Zweibund) between Germany and Austria-Hungary, which was directed against Russia. In 1867, the North German Confederation was created as a federation (federally organised state) of the North German and Central German states under the permanent presidency of Prussia. [10] William became also the constitutional Bundesfeldherr, the commander of all federal armed forces. Army Corps. During the Franco-Prussian War, the South German states joined the North German Confederation. The date was chosen as the coronation date of the first Prussian king in 1701. This page was last edited on 2 February 2021, at 21:33. [16][17], On 11 May 1878, a plumber named Emil Max Hödel failed in an assassination attempt on William in Berlin. "The Other Kaiser: Wilhelm I and British Cartoonists, 1861–1914.". [3], William inherited a conflict between Frederick William and the liberal Landtag. As the Emperor drove past in an open carriage, the assassin fired two shots from a shotgun at him from the window of a house off the Unter den Linden. He fought under Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher at the Battles of Ligny and Waterloo. Their marriage was outwardly stable, but not a very happy one. The lesson focuses on the background of Kaiser Wilhelm II, his family and relations, his paranoia and disability, but with a focus on the problems he encountered as a leader of a new Germany. Although his proposal to increase military expenditures and the length of military service faced serious challenges in the German Parliament, with the support of Bismarck he was able to pass his proposals. Ernst Rudolf Huber: Deutsche Verfassungsgeschichte seit 1789. Sponsored Links. How Many Serial Killers Are On The Loose Today? Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. Nobiling shot himself in an attempt to commit suicide. The country was renamed Deutsches Reich (the German Empire), and the title of Bundespräsidium was amended with the title Deutscher Kaiser (German Emperor). From an early age he received private education and, as the second son of the King, he was not expected to take over the throne. [8] When his request, backed by his Minister of War Albrecht von Roon was refused, William first considered abdicating, but his son, the Crown Prince, advised strongly against it. Wilhelm 1. eller Wilhelm Friedrich Ludwig (22. marts 1797 – 9. marts 1888) var preussisk konge 1861, 18. januar 1871 i Versailles udråbt til tysk kejser. Hödel was seized immediately. am 2. His full title as king of Prussia was William, by the Grace of God, King of Prussia; Margrave of Brandenburg, Burgrave of Nuremberg, Count of Hohenzollern; Sovereign and Supreme Duke of Silesia and of the County of Glatz; Grand Duke of the Lower Rhine and of Posen; Duke of Saxony, of Westphalia, of Angria, of Pomerania, Lüneburg, Holstein and Schleswig, of Magdeburg, of Bremen, of Guelders, Cleves, Jülich and Berg, Duke of the Wends and the Kassubes, of Crossen, Lauenburg and Mecklenburg; Landgrave of Hesse and Thuringia; Margrave of Upper and Lower Lusatia; Prince of Orange; Prince of Rügen, of East Friesland, of Paderborn and Pyrmont, of Halberstadt, Münster, Minden, Osnabrück, Hildesheim, of Verden, Cammin, Fulda, Nassau and Moers; Princely Count of Henneberg; Count of Mark, of Ravensberg, of Hohenstein, Tecklenburg and Lingen, of Mansfeld, Sigmaringen and Veringen; Lord of Frankfurt. [3], In 1854, the prince was raised to the rank of a field-marshal and made governor of the federal fortress of Mainz. This one is in top shape with … Included in the lesson is a thinking quilt, a map of Germany, links to informative videos and a summarising pyramid at the end of the lesson. It is alleged that Elisa had an illegitimate daughter by William who was brought up by Joseph and Caroline Kroll, owners of the Kroll Opera House in Berlin, and was given the name Agnes Kroll. [3], On 2 January 1861, Frederick William IV died and William ascended the throne as William I of Prussia. The statue next to the Stadtschloss, Berlin (1898) was melted down by the government of East Berlin in 1950. He was buried at the Park Charlottenburg Mausoleum. He was the second son of Prince Frederick William III and the noble Princess Louisa of Mechlenburg-Sterlitz. and VIII. [3], From 1867 to 1918 more than 1,000 memorials to William I were constructed. Prussia annexed several of Austria's allies north of the Main, as well as Schleswig-Holstein. In 1817 he accompanied his sister to Saint Petersburg when she married Emperor Nicholas I of Russia. Oracle; Kaiser Wilhelm page at the Bullpen Wiki; Managerial Stats. What does kaiser wilhelm mean? [3] Despite possessing considerable power as Kaiser, William left the task of governing mostly to his chancellor, limiting himself to representing the state and approving Bismarck's every policy. He returned and helped to put down an uprising in Baden, where he commanded the Prussian army. This was decided on by the legislative organs, the Reichstag and Bundesrat, and William agreed to this on 18 December in the presence of a Reichstag delegation. [3], The Berlin Conference of 1884–85 organized by Otto von Bismarck can be seen as the formalization of the Scramble for Africa. [13], To many intellectuals, the coronation of William was associated with the restoration of the Holy Roman Empire. He was educated from 1801 to 1809 by Johann Friedrich Gottlieb Delbrück [de], who was also in charge of the education of William's brother, the Crown Prince Frederick William. In the national memory, 18 January became the day of the foundation of the Empire (Reichsgründungstag), although it did not have a constitutional significance. His most important contribution was arguably his appointment of Otto von Bismarck, the well-known "blood and iron chancellor", as the Minister President. Weltkrieg, - 1916 Prinz Oscar von Preussen, Prince of Prussia 1888 – 1958 In response William, his wife Augusta, and his son the crown prince travelled to Russia (against the advice of Bismarck) to mend fences in face-to-face talks. In 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War, William was in command of all the German forces at the crucial Battle of Sedan. The best-known among them are the Kyffhäuser monument (1890–96) in Thuringia, the monument at Porta Westfalica (1896) and the mounted statue of William at the Deutsches Eck in Koblenz (1897). [15], In his memoirs, Bismarck describes William as an old-fashioned, courteous, infallibly polite gentleman and a genuine Prussian officer, whose good common sense was occasionally undermined by "female influences". Under the leadership of William and his minister president Otto von Bismarck, Prussia achieved the unification of Germany and the establishment of the German Empire. [18], A second attempt to assassinate William I was made on 2 June 1878 by Dr. Karl Nobiling. High quality Kaiser Wilhelm gifts and merchandise. The next year, William was appointed inspector of the VII. In July, a student from Leipzig attempted to assassinate William, but he was only lightly injured. The trial of Wilhelm II, Germany’s emperor between 1888 and 1918, was a moot one, conducted by historians and legal experts grappling with one of the great mysteries of 20th-century history. In 1862 the Landtag refused an increase in the military budget needed to pay for the already implemented reform of the army. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021, Kaiser Wilhelm I of Germany - World Leaders in History, Leaders Throughout The History Of The Soviet Union, Leaders Of Communist China Through History, 10 Countries Where Women Far Outnumber Men, The Most Famous Serial Killers In America And Their Twisted Crimes. He was educated first at the Kassel Gymnasium and then at the University of Bonn. Becoming Kaiser In 1888, Wilhelm became the Kaiser, or emperor, of Germany when his father died of throat cancer. This ideas differed significantly to those of his father. Garderegiment. Indeed, he had to flee to England for a while, disguised as a merchant. William appointed a liberal, Karl Anton von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, as Minister President and thus initiated what became known as the "New Era" in Prussia, although there were conflicts between William and the liberal majority in the Landtag on matters of reforming the armed forces. William was the first head of state of a united Germany, and was also de facto head of state of Prussia from 1858 to 1861, serving as regent for his brother, Frederick William IV. [3], During the Revolutions of 1848, William successfully crushed a revolt in Berlin that was aimed at Frederick William IV. A new octagonal church tower was built beside the ruins of the church in the early 1960s. Despite his long support of Bismarck as Minister President, William held strong reservations about some of Bismarck's more reactionary policies, including his anti-Catholicism and tough handling of subordinates. [3] When the bullet missed, Hödel ran across the street and fired another round which also missed. Prussian Medal, Order of the Crown (Item KMEDAL 1-2). In contrast to the domineering Bismarck, William was described as polite, gentlemanly and, while staunchly conservative, more open to certain classical liberal ideas than his grandson Wilhelm II, during whose reign he was known as Wilhelm the Great. During this period of time he participated in the war against Napoleon I. Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church, also known as Gedächtniskirche, is a famous landmark in Charlottenburg, the center of former West Berlin. King Wilhelm I died on March 9th, 1888 in Berlin. Kaiser Wilhelm stained glass (6343361036).jpg 2,432 × 3,648; 10.6 MB Kaiserstandarte Version1.svg 600 × 600; 24.24 MB King of Prussia inspects soldiers Second Schleswig War, Kongelige Bibliotek.jpg 1,280 × 876; 478 KB [21], "Wilhelm I" redirects here. He was made a captain (Hauptmann) and won the Iron Cross for his actions at Bar-sur-Aube. In the commotion one of the individuals who tried to apprehend Hödel suffered severe internal injuries and died two days later. Army Corps. [3], During the Franco-Prussian War, the South German states joined the North German Confederation. It was also under his reign that Germany became one of the first modern welfare states. Felix Dahn wrote a poem, "Macte senex Imperator" (Hail thee, old emperor) in which he nicknamed William Barbablanca (whitebeard), a play on the name of the medieval emperor Frederick Barbarossa (redbeard). He was buried on 16 March at the Mausoleum at Park Charlottenburg. For other uses, see, 19th-century German Emperor and King of Prussia, The generations are numbered from the ascension of, Assassination attempts and Anti-Socialist laws. In October 1849, he became governor-general of Rhineland and Westfalia, with a seat at the Electoral Palace in Koblenz. [3] He became a diplomat, engaging in diplomatic missions after 1815. Im Aufruf an mein Volk vom 8. [citation needed] William was a brother of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia (née Charlotte of Prussia). Growing up under the tyranny of Napoleon I, Wilhelm also recognized the importance of the military to a country's wellbeing. He argued in favour of a strong, well-trained and well-equipped army. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. It was a United Protestant denomination, bringing together Reformed and Lutheran believers. This made him a spokesman of the Prussian Army within the House of Hohenzollern. She married a Carl Friedrich Ludwig Dettman (known as "Louis") and emigrated to Sydney, Australia, in 1849. [3] Bismarck wanted to end the war quickly, so as to allow Prussia to ally with Austria if it needed to at a later date; Frederick was also appalled by the casualties and wanted a speedy end to hostilities. The use of cannons made him unpopular at the time and earned him the nickname Kartätschenprinz (Prince of Grapeshot). Diss. Via treaties with the South German states, he also became commander of their armies in times of war. [4], In 1816, William became the commander of the Stettiner Gardelandwehrbataillon and in 1818 was promoted to Generalmajor. He was a very popular emperor during his time, and many statues and memorials have since been built to honor him. Kaiser Wilhelm synonyms, Kaiser Wilhelm pronunciation, Kaiser Wilhelm translation, English dictionary definition of Kaiser Wilhelm. He asceeded to the Prussian throne in 1861 after his older brother Frederick William IV died. One aspect of the war upon which she remarks is the close connection among the three principal monarchs of the age, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany; King George V … 3. and Victoria, daughter of Queen Victoria. Find the travel option that best suits you. Nonetheless, it was Bismarck who effectively directed the politics, domestic as well as foreign; on several occasions he gained William's assent by threatening to resign.[9]. Nach dem Tod seines Bruders Friedrich Wilhelm IV. When Wilhelm became the King of Prussia, he faced an atmosphere of strong tension, caused by disagreements between German conservatives and liberals, the latter being influenced by Enlightenment ideals. [3], Another assassination attempt failed on 18 September 1883 when William unveiled the Niederwalddenkmal in Rüdesheim. Many people considered them the personification of "the old Prussia" and liked their austere and simple lifestyle. [3] William was severely wounded and was rushed back to the palace. He was buried at the Park Charlottenburg Mausoleum. Januar 1861 bekräftigte er seine Treue zum Eid auf die Verfassung, den er bereits 18… Wilhelm’s own parents had been liberal-minded progressives, who favoured a British-style system of government with the mon… III: Bismarck und das Reich. In the following years, Wilhelm I was devoted to his military service, and was determined to perfect the functionality of the Prussian Army. He also helped to set up the Vereinigter Landtag (the Prussian Parliament), and took a seat for himself in the Herrenhaus (its upper chamber). He personified the transition from the Kingdom of Prussia and the North German Confederation into the German Empire, and as such became an important symbol of modern German identity. Against the advice of his brother, William swore an oath of office on the Prussian constitution and promised to preserve it "solid and inviolable". [3], In 1826 William was forced to abandon a relationship with Polish noblewoman Elisa Radziwill, his cousin whom he had been attracted to, when it was deemed an inappropriate match by his father. He was a very popular emperor during his time, and many statues and memorials have since been built to honor him. 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Wilhelm was the eldest child of then Prussian Kronprinz Friedrich von Hohenzollern, later Kaiser Friedrich III, son of Wilhelm I of Prussia, and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, eldest daughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

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